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Submission of manuscripts

Manuscripts should be submitted to Chief Editor, Dr. Takashi ASAEDA, at the Editorial Office: Dr. Takashi ASAEDA, Ecology and Civil Engineering, Division of Environmental and Infrastructure Engineering, Saitama University, Shimo-Okubo 255, Sakura-ku, Saitama 338-8570, Japan (tel. +81-48-858-3563, fax. +81-48-858-3563, e-mail to Cheaf editor).
Manuscripts must be submitted exclusively to Ecology and Civil Engineering. Please submit your manuscript by PDF format. Double-space throughout with more than 3 cm and prepared according to the instructions mentioned blow. After acceptance of a paper, authors are required to send original figures and a disk on which the manuscripts are saved as a text file or to send all the files attaching to e-mail.

Reviews and revision

Submitted manuscripts will be reviewed by at least two independent referees. The author of rejected paper is allowed to make a claim once with reasonable refutation. When a manuscript is returned to the author for revision, the revised manuscript must be submitted within two months after receiving the Editorfs letter. Otherwise, it will be considered to be a new manuscript.

Language and terms

Manuscripts should be prepared in Japanese or English. The metric system of SI units should be used for all manuscripts. Common metric abbreviations and symbols may be used without definition such as km, m, cm, mm, km2, m2, cm2, m3, cm3,mm3, kg, g, mg, hr, min, sec, %, , etc. Statistics and measurements should always be given in figures except where the number begins the sentence. When the number does not refer to a unit of measurement, it is spelt out. The word eFiguref should be shortened to eFig.f unless starting a sentence. Nothing in the manuscript should be underlined except for scientific names of organisms and variables in formula.

Length of manuscripts

Original Papers and Reviews of less than 16 printed pages, Case Studies of less than 10 printed pages, and Short Communications, Opinion and Topics of less than 6 printed pages will be published free of charge. Charges will be made for extra pages (10,000 yen / page).

Structure of manuscripts

Manuscripts should be numbered consecutively at the center of the bottom and should normally be structured as follows.
Original Papers: Title page; Abstract; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgements; References; Tables; Figure Legends; Figures. Short Communications: Title page; Abstract; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Acknowledgements; References; Tables; Figure Legends; Figures. Case Studies: Title page; Abstract (not required); Aims of Paper; Study Sites; Methods; Results; Evaluation; Future Perspective; Acknowledgements; References; Tables; Figure Legends; Figures. Reviews: Title page; Abstract; Introduction; Text; Acknowledgements; References; Tables; Figure Legends; Figures. Topics and Opinion articles: Title page; Abstract (not required); Text; References; Tables; Figure Legends; Figures.

Title page : The first text page should contain@: 1. Title ; 2. Running title of no more than 40 characters including spaces; 3. Authors names with initials ; 3. Full postal addressiesj of authors ; 4. Name, address, telephone number, fax number, and electronic mail address of corresponding author, to whom proofs will be sent.
Abstract : A brief but informative Abstract should be made of not exceeding 300 words, and be followed by up to five key words.
Text : Three levels of headings are available. All headings should not be numbered.
References : References should be indicated in the text by surname of author (s) with the year of publication in parentheses, e.g. 'Takahashi (1998) mentioned that---'. When there are two authors, use the ampers and '&' . When there are more than two authors, use the first author followed by 'et al. '. References to more than one publication by an author in the same year should be distinguished with lower-case letters, e.g. (Tanaka 1998a,b).
The full list of references should be typed in alphabetical order, double-spaced, in the form of the following examples. Journal titles should be in full without abbreviation.
  • Gilpin M. & Hanski I. (eds.) (1991) Metapopulation dynamics: empirical and theoretical investigations. Biological Journal of Linnean Society 42@: 1-336. Reid I. & Frostick L. E. (1994) Fluvial sediment transport and deposition. In@: Sediment Transport and Depositional Processes (ed. K. Pye), pp. 89-155. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford.
  • Lotka A. J. (1925) Elements of Physical Biology. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.
  • Tokeshi M. (1995) Randomness and aggregation: analysis of dispersion in an epiphytic chironomid community. Freshwater Biology 33@: 567-578.

Tables : Tables should be typed on separate sheets. They should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers and each should bear a short title. Vertical line should not be used to separate columns.
Illustrations : Diagrams and photographs are classified as figures and should be numbered consecutively. Figures should be drawn or grouped so that they will fit within column width (ca. 81 mm) or the full text width (ca. 170 mm) and require no more than a 50% reduction in size. Each figure should bear its number and the name of author (s) in the top right-hand corner. Figure Legends should be self-explanatory and typed on a separate sheet. Colour illustrations are acceptable but the cost of reproduction must be borne by the author.

Proof and offprints

Proofs must be returned until the deadline informed. Alterations to the text and illustrations are unacceptable except for misprinting at proof stage, and authors will be charged for changes from their original manuscript. The corresponding author will receive 50 free offprints. Additional copies may be ordered at author's expense when proofs are returned.

Manuscript Fee

The Society can pay manuscript fee to the corresponding author of Special Issues under the request of the editorial committee.

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